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Roller Coaster – IELTS Reading Answers Roller Coaster – IELTS Reading Answers
Roller Coaster – IELTS Reading Answers

Roller Coaster – IELTS Reading Answers

Roller Coaster

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ROLLER COASTER 0005

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Answers

Question no. Answers Keywords Location of keywords
1 chain The traditional lifting mechanism is a long length of chain running up the hill under the track. Paragraph B, line 5
2 loop The chain is fastened in a loop, which is wound around a gear at the top Paragraph B line 6
3 gear which is wound around a gear at the top of the hill and another one at the bottom of the hill. Paragraph B, line 6
4 (simple) motor The gear at the bottom of the hill is turned by a simple motor. Paragraph B, line 7
5 ice The direct ancestors of roller coasters were monumental ice slides – long, steep wooden-slides covered in ice, Paragraph C, lines 1 and 2
6 Waxed slides The warmer climate of France tended to melt the ice, so the French started building waxed slides instead, eventually adding wheels to the sleds. Paragraph C,line 7
7 melt The warmer climate of France tended to melt the ice Paragraph C, line 7
8 wheels instead, eventually adding wheels to the sleds. Paragraph C, lines 7 and 8
9 coal it was originally used to transport coal Paragraph D, line 5
10 Steam engine This type of track featured a dead end where the steam engine would detach its cars, allowing riders to coast down Paragraph D,line 11
11 NOT GIVEN
12 YES The French continued to expand on this idea, coming up with more complex track layouts, with multiple cars and all sorts of twists and turns. Paragraph C, last line
13 YES The creation of the Switch Back Railway, by La Marcus Thompson, gave roller coasters national attention. Paragraph E, first line
14 NO Then, the Great Depression gave a crushing blow to amusement parks all over America. As bad as it was, amusement parks had an optimistic look on the future in the late 1930s. But, in 1942 roller coasters could already feel the effects of World War Two, as they were forced into a shadow of neglect. Most, nearly all of America’s roller coasters were shut down Paragraph F, lines 5 to 8

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