Water Pollution Has Been an Increasing Problem Over the Last Few Decades- IELTS Writing Task 2
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Water pollution has been an increasing problem over the last few decades. What causes water pollution? How can we prevent this problem?
Cause and Solution Essay
Paraphrase the topic sentence
Mention what the subsequent paragraphs will be about.
State the causes of water pollution.
Suggest possible solutions to tackle the problem of water pollution.
Summarize the topic and mention the solution in brief.
Environmental pollution is one of the most perilous issues of the 21st century. As the human race progresses and there are remarkable developments in nearly all spheres of human life, dire consequences are the outcome of such advancements. One of the significant hazards that we face in this day and age is the fouling of water. Although there are numerous causes of water contamination, this predicament can be corrected with proper measures. In this essay, I will explore some of the sources of water pollution and suggest possible solutions to tackle the situation.
Today, the condition of water adulteration has reached such an extent that a considerable portion of the world population is suffering from the lack of fresh drinking water. There are also cases of deaths due to the deficiency of clean water in various underprivileged nations. The prime origins of infected water are factories and industrial undertakings. The discharge of hazardous contaminants into large water bodies taints the quality of the resource for everyone. Secondly, the unrestrained disposal of garbage and waste materials into rivers, lakes and the sea is also a chief source of water degradation. Further, an accident such as oil spills in the water bodies makes its own contribution to this problem. Additionally, fertilizers and similar chemicals that are used to protect crops and plants or increase the yield sink in the soil to contaminate the groundwater level, which is later used for various purposes.
Nevertheless, such appalling circumstances can be mitigated by the efforts of the government and the general public. Stringent laws must be created and implemented to curb the soiling of water. Individuals who are caught discarding the trash into any water body must be heavily fined. Moreover, corporations and industrial manufacturers must be held accountable for their methods of disposal of toxic waste. Excessive use of chemicals in the fields should also be reduced and natural fertilizers should be taken up.
Finally, it is true that the damage that humanity has already done to the environment, especially to our natural water resources, is irreversible to a certain extent. However, it is our responsibility to take immediate action to impede further deterioration.
Meaning: full of danger or risk.
Eg: The perilous nature of the sea never bothered great explorers.
Meaning: an area of activity, interest, or expertise; a section of society or an aspect of life distinguished and unified by a particular characteristic.
Eg: There are hurdles in all spheres of life.
Meaning: extremely serious or urgent.
Eg: He was in dire need of money.
Meaning: a danger or risk.
Eg: The hazards of electrical cables must be taken seriously.
Meaning: make foul or dirty; pollute.
Eg: The tourists enjoyed fouling the streets.
Meaning: the action of discharging a liquid, gas, or other substance.
Eg: The discharge of carbon dioxide from the human body is natural.
Meaning: not restrained or restricted.
Eg: The unrestrained flow of illegal imports was concerning.
Meaning: make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Eg: The ointment mitigated the pain to a bearable extent.
Meaning: a check or restraint on something.
Eg: He needs to curb such behaviour or else he might lose his membership.
Meaning: delay or prevent (someone or something) by obstructing them; hinder.
Eg: They desperately tried to impede his progress.