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What Do Babies Know? IELTS Reading Answers What Do Babies Know? IELTS Reading Answers
What Do Babies Know? IELTS Reading Answers

What Do Babies Know? IELTS Reading Answers

The Academic passage ‘What Do Babies Know?’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 27 – 40. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that  help you find out the answers.

What Do Babies Know?

What Do Babies Know - 0001

What Do Babies Know - 0002

What Do Babies Know - 0003

What Do Babies Know - 0004

What Do Babies Know - 0005

What Do Babies Know - 0006

What Do Babies Know - 0007

Answers

Question number  Answer  Keywords  Location of keywords
27 TRUE He sucks his fingers for comfort, but, finding no solace, his mouth crumples, his body stiffens, and he lets rip an almighty shriek of distress. This is the usual expression when babies are left alone or abandoned. Paragraph A;

Lines 4 – 5

28 NOT GIVEN
29 FALSE  Though the facility is just 18 months old and has tested only 100 infants, it’s already challenging current thinking on what babies know and how they come to know it. Paragraph B;

Last line 

30 NOT GIVEN
31 TRUE Baby lab director Sylvain Sirois has been putting these smart-baby theories through a rigorous set of tests. His conclusions so far tend to be more Piagetian: “Babies,” he says, “know nothing.” Paragraph D;

Last line 

32 FALSE  The mistake of previous research, says Sirois, has been to leap to the conclusion that infants can understand the concept of impossibility from the mere fact that they are able to perceive some novelty in it.

NOTE: Flaw is only in their conclusion.

Paragraph F;

Line 6

33 B Piaget’s work led him to conclude that infants younger than 9 months have no innate knowledge of how the world works or any sense of “object permanence” (that people and things still exist even when they’re not seen). Paragraph D;

Line 2

34 E Instead, babies must gradually construct this knowledge from experience. Paragraph D;

Line 3

35 A Over the past 20 years or so they have been largely set aside by a new generation of “nativist” psychologists and cognitive scientists whose more sophisticated experiments led them to theorise that infants arrive already equipped with some knowledge of the physical world and even rudimentary programming for math and language. Paragraph D;

Line 4

36 D His own experiments indicate that a baby’s fascination with physically impossible events merely reflects a response to stimuli that are novel. Paragraph F;

Line 3

37 C In other words, when Daniel had seen the red train come out of the tunnel green a few times, he gets as bored as when it stays the same colour. Paragraph F;

Line 5

38 B A hidden device above the screen is tracking Daniel’s eyes as they follow the train and measuring the diametre of his pupils 50 times a second. As the child gets bored—or “habituated”, as psychologists call the process— his attention level steadily drops. Paragraph C;

Lines 2 – 3

39 A Piaget’s “constructivist” theories were massively influential on postwar educators and psychologist, but over the past 20 years or so they have been largely set aside by a new generation of “nativist” psychologists and cognitive scientists Paragraph D;

Line 4

40 D Data from the eye tracker and the measurement of the pupils (which widen in response to arousal or interest) show that impossible events involving familiar objects are no more interesting than possible events involving novel objects. Paragraph F;

Line 4

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Sowmya is a content writer and is passionate about her job. She currently works on editing and writing engaging content for IELTS Material. She also has experience in the Software Testing Industry and has worked with Wipro for five and a half years.

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