Prepare with the #1 ranked IELTS platform. Buy our:
Band 8+ Video Courses Recent Actual Tests Questions E-books
Poverty And Social Issues: Vocabulary For IELTS 7.0+ (Part 3)
Poverty And Social Issues: Vocabulary For IELTS 7.0+ (Part 3)

Poverty And Social Issues: Vocabulary For IELTS 7.0+ (Part 3)

Poverty and Social Issues( Part 3)

The Role of Education in the Developing World

Use the words in the brackets as a clue to help you find the correct answer for each blank in the exercise below.

Levels of 1._______ [literate] and 2. _______ [number] remain startlingly high in the developing world, and will continue to be so until the West provides or sponsors new education 3. _______ [initiate], preferably also getting directly involved. A better education is a prerequisite should the 4. _______ [poverty] masses of Africa ever wish to hold any genuine hope of gaining their 5. _______ [emancipate] from the metaphorical shackles of poverty. Education 6. _______ [initiate] for young people as well as life-long learning programmes will also help to breach the gulf that separates the working classes from their ruling elite, a 7. _______ [privilege] few who enjoy the 8. _______ [trap] of Western wealth and the lifestyle that goes with it, while those in their midst are completely 9. _______ [occupy] with the daily struggle for survival. Furthermore, we must promote a culture of 10. _______ [tolerate] of corruption, and help to create a new 11. _______ [generate] for whom education rather than an 12. _______ [scruple] nature will reap the true rewards. Education will also help to bridge another gap; that of the cultural one which separates the West from its brethren in the developing world. The 13. _______ [poverty] slums and shanty towns are a hotbed of religious and political 14. _______ [extreme], but hopefully education will serve to create a better sense of 15. _______ [understand] between all the peoples of the world, 16. _______ [respect] of background. And this will especially be the case if the education programmes themselves are administered by Western professionals, who, in much the same way as they can teach a thing or two to their 17. _______ [counter] in the developing world, have also, no doubt, much to learn from them in the process as well. Cooperation between people from the different cultures of the West and the developing world will also, hopefully, help to reduce levels of prejudice, bigotry, xenophobia and racial 18. _______ [tense]. And, last but not by any means least, educating women will 19. _______ [power] them to claim their rightful place in the social hierarchy in up-to-now male-dominated cultures. Their 20. _______ [aspire] can shift realistically higher, and young female students can hope to go on to become tomorrow’s politicians, diplomats and political leaders, or whatsoever they choose.IELTS Ebooks CTA

Immigration and the Developing World

(A) Use the words from the box to fill the gaps. You may need to use some words several times. You will not have to change the tense/ form, but you may need to pluralise in some cases.

sustenance integration obligation
destitution asylum indigenous
inferiority deprivation cosmopolitan
tangible metropolis corruption
sanitation surrogate oppression
starvation malnutrition inequity
repercussion assimilation deportation

Most of our main 1.__________ in the West are now pretty diverse places. However, many 2. __________ seekers come from far less 3.__________ parts of the world, and it can be quite a culture shock for them when they arrive in their 4. __________ homes. Genuine 5. __________ seekers are, by definition, fleeing a 6. __________ threat to their very lives and should be afforded all the assistance and protection the state can provide once their status has been upheld and 7. __________ granted. This extends as far as helping then cope with the 8. __________ process, one of the most immediate barriers to successfully embracing which is, of course, often the language. But there are other factors which can make 9. __________ difficult, too. Many 10. __________ seekers carry the physical and emotional scars of 11. __________ . They may suffer from an 12. __________ complex of sorts, too, and feel overwhelmed by the perceived ‘sophistication’ of their new home. Of course, the state’s first 13. __________ is to provide them with adequate 14. __________ , shelter and 15. __________ . Many may be suffering from 16. __________ , or, in the worst cases, starvation. The effects of sleep 17. __________ may also be a concern if their recent past has been particularly traumatic and eventful. But, of course, these are the lucky ones – at least they get to remain in their adopted homes. If an 18. __________ application is rejected, then the applicant faces 19. __________ back to their country of origin. Sometimes, those seeking asylum know their claim will be rejected but go through the process nonetheless out of sheer desperation in the hope that it can buy them time to find some other way to stay in the country, which some manage to do, often illegally. But just because a case is rejected, that is not to say that the individual or individuals concerned will not face serious 20. __________ if they return home. For some, the door to the West is a tantalising jar agape, but not enough so as to gain entry. Instead, they are perhaps faced with the harsh realities of famine and 21. __________ , political 22. __________ or social 23. __________ back in their 24. __________ homes. The grim realities of 25. __________ and life on the very margins are all that await the most tragic cases of the rejected.

(B) Find closest matches for the definitions listed below from the answer choices given for the last section.

1. substitute 6. injustice or unfairness
2. unfair and cruel government of people 7. the state of being without money, food, shelter or possessions
3. large city 8. relating to or originating in a particular region
4. disposal of sewage and solid waste associated with native cleanliness 9. food
5. diverse and varied, having a global feel 10. the feeling of not being as good as something else

Answer Key

The Role of Education in the Developing World

1. illiteracy 6. initiatives 11. generation 16. irrespective
2. innumeracy 7. privileged 12. unscrupulous 17. counterparts
3. initiatives 8. trappings 13. impoverished 18. tensions
4. impoverished 9. preoccupied 14. extremism 19. empower
5. emancipation 10. intolerance 15. understanding 20. aspirations

Immigration and the Developing World

(A)

1. metropolises 6. tangible 11. oppression 16. malnutrition 21. starvation
2. asylum 7. asylum 12. inferiority 17. deprivation 22. corruption
3. cosmopolitan 8. integration/ assimilation 13. obligation 18. asylum 23. inequity
4. surrogate 9. integration/ assimilation 14. sustenance/ sanitation 19. deportation 24. indigenous
5. asylum 10. asylum 15. sustenance/ sanitation 20. repercussions 25. destitution

(B)

1. surrogate 6. inequity
2. oppression 7. destitution
3. metropolis 8. indigenous
4. sanitation 9. sustenance
5. cosmopolitan 10. inferiority

See also:

Written By

Nafia Zuhana is an experienced content writer and IELTS Trainer. Currently, she is guiding students who are appearing for IELTS General and Academic exams through ieltsmaterial.com. With an 8.5 score herself, she trains and provides test takers with strategies, tips, and nuances on how to crack the IELTS Exam. She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. She has worked with The Hindu for over a year as an English language trainer.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

$5.99 $12.99

Vocabulary for IELTS (Essential words for popular topics in IELTS)

4.5 stars rating

4.5  ( 8 Reviews )

Buy Now

Featured Posts

50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers
50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2021 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

For Band 9 Sample Answers for all Part 1,2,3 topics in 2021, you can......

All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites
All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites

This post covers all IELTS Writing lessons on IELTS Material website, including: IELTS Writing......

IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating)
IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating)

Read IELTS Writing Actual Tests & Band 8.0+ Samples around the world to be......

IELTS Speaking Lessons
IELTS Speaking Lessons

This post contains useful links to the best IELTS speaking lessons/tips/books/practice tests/actual tests/sample answer...

100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019
100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics Questions and Answers (Jan -May 2020) Check out the......

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics 2020 (Jan - May 2020) & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 1 Questions with Answers 2020 (Jan – May 2020)

In part 1 of the speaking test, the examiner will introduce himself or herself......

High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers)
High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers)

What could be better than preparing yourself for your exam by reading model answers......

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers

To be well-prepared for IELTS exam (both IELTS Academic & IELTS General Training Module),......

IELTS Magazine - Week 1 (PDF)
IELTS Magazine – Week 1 (PDF)

IELTS Magazine is our brand new project on our official IELTS blog (ieltsmaterial.com), which......

Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training
Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training

IELTS Reading Resources Besides doing exercises from reading practice tests from Cambridge IELTS Series,......

IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (January - April 2021) & Suggested Answers
IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (January – April 2021) & Suggested Answers

IELTS Speaking Test Part 1 Question and Answers In the following page, you will......

42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (PDF)
42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (free PDF download)

In the IELTS Speaking Part 1 Section, IELTS examiner will introduce him or herself......

150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers
150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

Check out the latest IELTS Speaking Part 2 topics 2020 with model answers by......

IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 - 2020) & Model Answers free PDF download
IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 – 2020) & Model Answers free PDF download

Though IELTS writing is considered to be difficult for some students, it's helpful to......

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14) Academic and General Training Student's Book with Answers and Audios
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Academic and General Training Student’s Book with Answers and Audios

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14), written by experienced IELTS examiners......

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14) Student's Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Student’s Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]

Cambridge IELTS 1 - 13 Academic & General Training Student's Book with Answers with......

101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download
101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download

"101 IELTS Reading Past Papers With Answers" is a must-have IELTS preparation book for......

Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module - How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition)
Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module – How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition)

This excellent self-study book for intense IELTS preparation in a few weeks is designed......

Advanced Vocabulary word List for IELTS
Advanced Vocabulary word List for IELTS

Advanced Vocabulary List for IELTS learners to Score Band 7.5 or Higher IELTS vocabulary......

Post Your IELTS Exam Questions
Post Your IELTS Exam Questions

Hi guys, When you were preparing for your IELTS, did you hope someone would......

Do you need help with IELTS Preparation, Enroll for our Master Program:

Enroll for Online Classes