How Baby Talk Gives Infant Brains A Boost Reading Answers
This article contains the How Baby Talk Gives Infant Brains A Boost reading answers.
How Baby Talk Gives Infant Brains A Boost is a real Reading test passage that appeared in the IELTS.
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How Baby Talk Gives Infant Brains A Boost
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26, which are based on the Reading Passage below. Find the practice test with the How Baby Talk Gives Infant Brains A Boost PDF here.
|14||B||Paragraph D provides the information that Nairan Ramirez Esparza said that “we also found that it really matters whether you use baby talk in a one-on-one context,’ she adds. The more parents use baby talk one-on-one, the more babies babble, the more they babble, the more words they produce later in life.” This line signifies the importance of adults giving babies individual attention. Hence, the correct answer is “B.”|
|15||C||Paragraph F mentions that Patrica Kuhl stated, “finding activation in motor areas of the brain when infants are simply listening is significant because it means the baby brain is engaged in trying to talk back right from the start and suggests that seven-month-old’s brains are already trying to figure out how to make the right movement that will produce words.” The above line provides details about how Kuhl claims the connection between what babies hear and their own efforts to create speech. Hence, the correct answer is “C.”|
|16||A||The last line of paragraph C conveys the advantages of the baby having two parents, each speaking in a different way by Mark VanDam. As he states that “the idea is that a kid gets to practice a certain kind of speech with mom and another kind of speech with dad, so the kid then has a wider repertoire of kinds of speech to practice.” Hence, the correct answer is “A.”|
|17||B||In paragraph D, Nairan Ramirez Esparza states that “those children who listened to a lot of baby talk were talking more than the babies that listened to more adult talk or standard speech.” Esparaza shares the connection between baby talk babies and vocalizing information. Hence, the correct answer is “B.”|
|18||Recording devices||The second line of paragraph C conveys that “Mark Van Dam of Washington State University at Spokane and colleagues equipped parents with recording devices and speech-recognition software to study the way they interacted with their youngsters during a normal day.” As they are equipped with a recording device, it means that researchers used a recording device. Hence, the correct answer is “recording devices.”|
|19||dads/fathers||Paragraph C states that “but we found that dads aren’t doing the same thing. Dads didn’t raise their pitch or fundamental frequency when they talked to kids.” From the words ‘dads didn’t raise their pitch’, we can imply that dads tended not to modify their ordinary speech. Hence, the correct answer is “dads/fathers.”|
|20||Bridge hypothesis||In paragraph C, the author states that “their role may be rooted in what is called the bridge hypothesis, which dates back to 1975. It suggests that fathers use less familial language to provide their children with a bridge to the kind of speech they’ll hear in public.” It suggests that fathers provide a bridge to the kind of speech that they’ll hear in public, which is known as bridge hypothesis. Hence, the correct answer is “bridge hypothesis.”|
|21||repertoire||In paragraph C, the last line conveys that “the idea is that a kid gets to practice a certain kind of speech with mom and another kind of speech with dad, so the kid then has a wider repertoire of kinds of speech to practice.” So kids get to practise various kinds of speech. Hence, the correct answer is “repertoire.”|
|22||(audio-recording) vests||The beginning line of paragraph D mentions that it “collected thousands of 30-second conversations between parents and their babies, fitting 26 children with audio-recording vests that captured language and sound during a typical eight-hour day.” The above line suggests that both universities captured language through audio-recording. It denotes that scientists of these universities are using special audio-recording vests. Hence, the correct answer is “audio-recording vests.”|
|23||Vocabulary||The third line of paragraph D conveys that “when researchers saw the same babies at age two, they found that frequent baby talk had dramatically boosted vocabulary.” The term ‘dramatically boosted vocabulary’ implies that infants had a much larger vocabulary. Hence, the correct answer is “vocabulary.”|
|24||F||In paragraph F, there’s a line that mentions that “it means the baby brain is engaged in trying to talk back right from the start and suggests that seven months old’s brains are already trying to figure out how to make the right movement.” The line is the reference to the change that occurs in babies’ brain activity. Hence, the correct answer is “F.”|
|25||A||Paragraph A conveys that “most babies start developing their hearing while still in the womb, prompting some hopeful parents to play classical music to their pregnant bellies.” Since some parents play classical music it signifies the example of what parents do for their baby’s benefit when it’s in the womb (before birth). Hence, the correct answer is “A.”|
|26||E||There’s a line in paragraph E, which mentions that “babies seem to like listening to each other rather than to adults – which may be why baby talk is such a universal tool among parents.” This confirms the babies’ preference for the sounds — the ones that other babies make. Hence, the correct answer is “E.”|
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