Describe life in a particular period of history – IELTS Cue Card
Describe life in a particular period of history
You may say
- What is the age of the historical era
- Description of that particular age.
- The characteristics and significance of that age
Sample Answer 1
Human civilization has evolved countless times over the course of history. We as a species have experienced global environmental, social and political changes throughout different eras. The way humans approach life has also altered considerably. Today, technology has become an inherent part of human life. We cannot imagine our daily lives without smartphones, laptops, or televisions. However, there was a time when such devices were considered a novelty. An age I would like to talk about is the 20th century.
The 20th century mainly ranges from the 1900s to the late 1990s. During this period, the entire world was experiencing remarkable changes. The 20th century was dominated by global events that shaped the modern era. Events like the Spanish flu pandemic, World War I and World War 2, and several other monumental events occurred in this century. Humankind achieved stupendous feats in space exploration, decolonization, technological advances, nuclear weapons, and many other fields.
Life was uncomplicated and straightforward compared to present times in the 20th century. This age witnessed global-scale events and civilization-altering inventions. However, civilian life was quite simple. It was only during the late 20th century that technology developed to such an extent that it became a household necessity. The 20th century is often considered the transformative era where society transitioned to a technologically dependent civilization. Apart from technological advancements, there were revolutionary changes in international law, intergovernmental relations, and the ecological structure of the world. There was tremendous progress in communication technology, digitalization, and mass media. The present degree of ease and comfort we enjoy due to the aid of technology was possible due to the astounding achievements in every field accomplished in the 20th century.
- Chronology: the arrangement of events or dates in the order of their occurrence.
Eg: The chronological data is missing in this book.
- Archeological evidence: the past physical record of human prehistory and history, of why ancient civilizations prospered or failed, and why those cultures changed and grew.
Eg: “This archaeological evidence is very important “.
- Communities: a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common.
Eg: There are many communities in India.
- Civilization: the stage of human social and cultural development and organization that is considered the most advanced.
Eg: The civilization of the stone era is not very clear…
Sample Answer 2
We have heard about the evolution of human civilization and about how humans changed their household lives from the stone age to the Iron age. There is a chronological chart for the evolution of humans. I want to describe all about one particular period, the Neolithic age. At this age, humans had learned how to live a healthy and happy life.
During the Neolithic age(10,000-4,500 BCE), humans knew how to hunt animals with hunting tools, making fire tools, and domesticating animals. They started to make carts with wheels for agriculture and travel. During this period, they had got the idea to start their kingdom. Before the start of the Iron age, the contemporary Guptas had started their kingdom between (6000- 5000 BC). In the pre-Neolithic age, they started to make decisions to divide society into different classes. There were lower, upper, and lower-middle and upper classes. There is much archaeological evidence of the Neolithic age that we can see in museums. We can also get historical pieces of information from rock carvings and paintings on the walls of some famous architecture of the Neolithic age.
There were some main characteristics that we should remember about the development of the Neolithic age. Cultural advancement is one of them. Humans started to make pots and utensils with clay and mud; domestication and civilization were integral parts of civilization.
People of this age had first started to settle their communities in Anatolia and Mesopotamia, later in Europe.