IELTS Speaking Vocabulary
What is vocabulary?
Vocabulary is the body of words used in a particular language. An example of vocabulary is the language used by lawyers.
Some words used daily in the courtroom:
bench trial: Trial without a jury in which a judge decides the facts.
affidavit: a written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation, for use as evidence in court.
capital offense: A crime punishable by death penalty
Importance of learning new words:
You should make sure that you use good vocabulary while speaking. You can improve English vocabulary only by regular practice. Make it a habit to learn new words. Start by learning 5 new words everyday, then slowly progress to 50 difficult words in a week. Also, try to frame sentences using those words and use them when talking to others.
There are also common words like “gorgeous” ,”montonous”, “malignant” etc [ The list is endless. The words given are among the commonest] which you can use while speaking in the IELTS test. You can also practise using vocabulary exercises available online.
If you follow these steps religiously, you will be able to build an impressive vocabulary.
Given below are some new words with meanings:
athleisure – Casual, comfortable clothing or footwear designed to be suitable for both exercise and everyday wear
fantoosh – Fancy, showy, flashy.
hench – strong, fit, and having well-developed muscles (typically used of a man).
Vocabulary for IELTS Speaking:
Vocabulary counts for 25% of your score in the speaking and writing test. In the speaking test, you will have to speak face-to-face with a certified examiner. The test is 11-14 minutes long and is divided into three parts. They are:
|Part 1||Self Introduction|
|Part 2||Talking about a topic|
|Part 3||Further discussion on the topic given in part 2|
The Speaking test is the same for both versions (Academic and General) of IELTS.
Some of the topics and related speaking vocabulary are listed below:
Apart from this, there are connectors, idioms, phrasal verbs, collocations, coherence and cohesive devices that are discussed below:
Connectors: They aid in improving the quality of sentence structure while you’re framing complex sentences. Also, it links one thought to the other. Thus, it gives the conversation a logical flow. Some of them are given below:
|Vocabulary to denote time :
|Vocabulary to express agreement :
Coherence – It refers to the organization of ideas. You need to organize your ideas in the given manner:
Explanation or Evidence
Linking words or connectors help in achieving coherence
Cohesion: You need to know how to use linking words to avoid filler words such as “Ums” and “Ahs”. If you use filler words because you are in search for the right word, it will lead to a poor score in speaking section. Here’s an example
Question : Describe your childhood friend
- Wrong usage : Ummmmmmmmm Aaaaaahh I think Umm Aah I liked her Ummmm Aah because she was very intelligent and secured the first rank in class.
- Correct usage: Well, I’m not exactly sure why I liked her so much. But I guess I liked her because she was the topper in class.
Collocations: They are two or three words that go together and sound just right. The watchword is “Don’t learn new words in isolation”. Always learn words in a context.
|She spends a lot of money – Correct usage
She uses a lot of money – Wrong usage
|Dev has a loud voice – Correct usage
Dev has a big voice – Wrong usage
|Sunita was watching a movie – Correct usage
Sunita was looking at a movie – Wrong usage
Idioms: They are phrases that do not have the same meaning as the words actually spoken. The common mistake people tend to make is to go on a search for difficult, uncommon ones which they cannot use properly in a sentence.
|Uncommon idiom – it takes two to tango
Meaning: when you want to say that both people involved in a tough situation must accept the blame, or to denote that an activity needs two people who are willing to take part for it to happen.
Example: The street vendor wanted to argue, but it takes two to tango. So I paid what he demanded.
Success lies in practicing idioms which are simple and can be used in day to day language with much ease. Here are some of them :
|idiom – To be on cloud nine
Meaning: To feel extremely happy
Example: She was on cloud nine.
|idiom – I hit the ceiling
Meaning: To become very angry
Example: The car hit my bike’s headlight. I hit the ceiling and shouted at the driver.
|idiom – To have a whale of a time
Meaning: to have lot of fun and excitement
Example: Please visit Shimoga. You can have a whale of a time.
Phrasal verbs: They are phrases that indicate actions. They usually consist of a verb with a preposition or an adverb. Here are some English phrases to improve your vocabulary.
|Cheer up :
Meaning – becoming happy
Example – On seeing the diamond jewellery, she cheered up.
|Hold on :
Meaning – waiting for a short period of time
Example – Hold on! While I give the receiver to my sister.
|Cut down on:
Meaning – reduce
Example – Due to recession, the company decided to cut down on its costs.
Also check :
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it mandatory to use idioms to get a higher band score in IELTS Speaking?
Will the examiner judge my accent?
Are eye contact and body language important for a high score?
Why is pronunciation important in IELTS Speaking?
Why is vocabulary essential in IELTS Speaking?