Reiki, Sculpture, Genealogy Reading Answers
- 1 Reading Passage 1
- 2 Reading Passage 2
- 3 Reading Passage 3
- 4 Answers
The IELTS Reading passage, Reiki, along with the other two Academic passages – Sculpture and Genealogy makes this a complete Reading practice test.
You will have 60 minutes to complete the whole test, which consists of 40 questions in total.
Here are the question types in this reading test:
Reading Passage 1 (Reiki)
- Multiple Choice Questions
- Matching information
- Matching features
Reading Passage 2 (Sculpture)
- Summary completion
- Table completion
- Short answer questions
Reading Passage 3 ( Genealogy )
- Matching headings
- True or False / Not Given
- Multiple Choice Questions
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Reading Passage 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on the Reading Passage below.
Find the practice test with the Reiki PDF here.
Choose THREE letters A-H.
Write your answers next to 1- 3 on your answer sheet
NB. Your answers may be given in any order
Which THREE of the following statements are true of Reiki?
A Principles for self-healing differ from those used on others.
B Attunement is said to have a permanent effect on the recipient.
C Its preventative properties are more significant than cure.
D There are differences in opinion regarding its use with other therapies.
E The treatment typically involves contact between the therapist and the patient.
F The recipient’s own energy is the key to the philosophy.
G Some therapists believe a pessimistic approach affects results.
H It is only practised on human subjects.
Reading Passage 1 has seven paragraphs A-G.
Which paragraph contains the following information? You can use each paragraph more than once.
4 A scientific explanation of why Reiki may have positive effects.
5 An overview of the practicalities of how Reiki is performed.
6 The pre-requisite required to experience Reiki benefits.
7 When a patient’s faith and expectations cause concern.
8 The immediate effects that can be experienced by recipients.
9 The safety of conducting therapy for practitioners.
According to the information in Reading Passage 1,
Classify the following research findings into the benefits of Reiki as relating to
A The Institute of Neurological Studies
B Research conducted in the USA
C Cancer research
D Stroke research
Write the correct letter A, B, C or D in boxes 10-13 your answer sheet
10 The groups’ comfort and quality of life appeared to improve.
11 No apparent links were identified.
12 Results were compared to a control group who did not receive Reiki treatment.
13 Recollection ability seemed to be enhanced.
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Reading Passage 2
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-28, which are based on the Reading Passage below.
Find the practice test with the Sculpture PDF here.
Complete the summary
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in the blank spaces next to 14-17 on your answer sheet.
In Africa, sculpture is more predominant and more highly 14______________ than canvas art, for example. In Asia, many prestigious works are connected to 15______________ values. Sculpture is an ancient art in which figurines are created from materials which are, in the main, 16_____________ to ensure longevity of the art form; however, though more 17____________, materials such as ice are used in certain spheres.
Complete the table.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 18-22 on your answer sheet.
|Regional African Art|
|Subjects similar to the 18 _____________ area of the country.||Less sought-after than other styles of African art.|
|Southern Africa||Artwork representing human & animal form
|Made from 19________________|
Sharp lines, long bodies
|Conventionally made for the purpose of 20________________|
Cylindrical, broad and flat lines crafted from 21_______________
|Made by Mande speakers
|Central Africa||Smooth lines & circular forms||Often more difficult to recognise due to the diversity of 22_____________used.|
Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 23-27 on your answer sheet.
23 Verification of art in which civilization sheds doubt on the theory that African art dates back to the Nok period?
24 What material is used for the African sculptures many consider to be the best?
25 What ceremonial event are the creations from Eastern Africa connected with?
26 Due to African influence, what did Western art become that allowed it to be more intellectually and emotionally stimulating?
27 What did Moore most often depict which brought him the greatest recognition?
Reading Passage 3
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 28-40, which are based on the Reading Passage below.
Find the practice test with the Genealogy PDF here.
Reading Passage 3 has eight paragraphs A-H.
Choose the correct heading for paragraphs B and D-G from the list of headings below.
Write the correct number i to ix in boxes 28 – 32 on your answer sheet.
List of Headings
- An Embarrassing Heritage
- Assessing Validity
- Diversity of Application
- Interpretation Errors
- Past Usage
- Useful Sources
- Australasian Importance
- Changing Viewpoints
- Significant Roles
Example: Paragraph C; Answer: vii
28 Paragraph B
29 Paragraph D
30 Paragraph E
31 Paragraph F
32 Paragraph G
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3?
In boxes 33 -36 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE, if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE, if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN, if there is no information on this
33 Early applications of genealogy focused on behaviour, movement, and settlement of populations.
34 The punishment of deportation was reserved for those who posed a serious threat to British society.
35 Some ex-convicts chose to stay in Australia due to the opportunities it presented.
36 Overwhelming interest in obtaining genealogical information has led to technological difficulties.
Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D
Write your answers next to 37-40 on your answer sheet.
37 Why has recreational genealogy become more popular?
A Because it is now a fashionable hobby.
B Because more people wish to trace missing relatives.
C Because there are fewer political barriers.
D Because it is no longer requires so much effort.
38 Whose original sentence for breaking the law was reduced?
A Francis Greenway.
B Margaret Dawson.
C Alexander Munro.
D Elizabeth Thackery.
39 What is fundamental to genealogical research?
A Original records.
B Electronic transfer.
C The pooling of information.
D The IG Index.
40 Why does census information need to be approached with caution?
A Because it cannot easily be attributed to a particular individual.
B Because it is often not validated by a physician.
C Because administration practices in the past were unreliable.
D Because informants may not have been truthful due to financial motivations.
Reiki Reading Answers (Passage 1)
|1 – 3||(any order) – B, D and G|
|1||B – Attunement is said to have a permanent effect on the recipient.
Paragraph B – ’…attunement process… this ability once established is considered to be enduring…’
|2||D – There are differences in opinion regarding its use with other therapies.
Paragraph B – ‘…many practitioners are confident that it can be used alongside any other type of treatment without adverse effect; however, others recommend that since the patient may undergo significant internal improvement for certain ailments’
|3||G – Some therapists believe a pessimistic approach affects results.
Paragraph D ‘…some masters and teachers hold that subjects must be receptive to the concept in order for energy to flow’
’Theories have been put forward that the benefits of energy treatments such as Reiki may be scientifically attributed to the effect of electromagnetic fields…՛
Most of the paragraph refers to how Reiki is performed (the practicalities). ‘The subject is required to lie down – often on a treatment table – clothed in comfortable and loose-fitting attire. Treatment may involve the practitioner placing their hands on the recipient in a variety of positions; however, some therapists take a non-touching approach, holding their hands a few centimetres away from the body. Hands are usually held in one position for up to 5 minutes before moving on to the next part of the body; between 12 and 20 hand positions are generally used.’
‘According to Reiki philosophy, only by undergoing an attunement process performed by a Reiki Master is an individual able to access, then channel this positive energy within…
‘some medical practitioners are concerned that its benefits may be over-estimated by patients and that, as a result, they may ignore or abandon conventional treatments.’
Those who have undergone a Reiki treatment session often state that they experienced a pleasant warmness in the area of focus and a feeling of contentment and relaxation throughout the session.’
|9||D. The healing energy is said to originate in the universe itself and is not the passing of personal energy from practitioner to the patient; it is therefore thought to be inexhaustible and the personal well-being of the practitioner uncompromised.’|
|10||C – Cancer Research
Paragraph C: Other studies have also attempted to determine the correlation between Reiki treatment and improvement in cancer and stroke patients. Whilst investigations into the first condition indicated a seemingly positive effect on degrees of fatigue, pain, and stress experienced by sufferers.’
|11||D – Stroke
Paragraph C: ‘Other studies have also attempted to determine the correlation between Reiki treatment and improvement in cancer and stroke patients. Whilst investigations into the first condition indicated a seemingly positive effect on degrees of fatigue, pain, and stress experienced by sufferers, the second project failed to reveal a link between treatment and improvement in the subjects.’
|12||A – The Institute of Neurological Studies. Paragraph F: ‘…research conducted by the Institute of Neurological Studies at South Glasgow University Hospital it was observed that there was a significant decrease in heart rate and blood pressure amongst subjects receiving 30 minutes of Reiki treatment as opposed to a group receiving placebo treatment of 30 minutes rest.’|
|13||B – Research conducted in the USA
Paragraph F: ‘…conducted in the USA, tentatively suggested that treatment had a positive effect on the subjects’ memory abilities…՛
Sculpture Reading Answers (Passage 2)
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Paragraph B: ‘In Africa, perhaps more than any other region in the world, three-dimensional artwork is favoured and given more emphasis than two-dimensional paintings.
Paragraph A: ‘The practice of sculpting in many countries has traditionally been associated with religious philosophy.’
Paragraph A: ‘traditionally sculptures have been forged from durable materials such as bronze, stone, marble, and jade’
NOTE: Although ‘enduring’ has the same meaning, it is not the correct answer because in the passage this word refers to the sculptures, but the question was asking for a description of the materials used.
Paragraph A: ‘however, some branches of the art also specialize in creating figurines of a more ephemeral nature, ice sculpture, for example, .1
NOTE: Ephemeral means ‘short-lived’
Paragraph D: ‘In both Eastern and Southern Africa, typically, art depicts a mixture of human and animal features
|19||Clay. Paragraph D: ‘In Southern Africa, the human/animal hybrid representations are fashioned from clay.’|
Paragraph C: ‘Figurines from the West African region are sculpted in two distinctly different forms. The first is characterized by angular forms and features with elongated bodies, such sculptures being traditionally used in religious rituals.’
Paragraph C: ‘Conversely, the traditional wood statues of the Mande speaking culture possess cylindrical arms and legs with broad, flat surfaces.’
|22||Materials. Paragraph D: ‘Central African sculpture may be a little more difficult to identify for the novice observer as a wider variety of materials may be used.’|
|23||Pharaonic Africa. Paragraph B: ‘Whilst some experts hold that the art of sculpture in the continent dates back to the Nok civilisation of Nigeria in 500 BC, this is disputed due to evidence of the art’s existence in Pharaonic Africa.’|
|24||Metal. Paragraph C: ‘Metal sculptures which hail from the eastern regions of West Africa, are heralded by many as amongst the most superior art forms ever crafted.’|
|25||Burial. Paragraph D: ‘In both Eastern and Southern Africa, typically, art depicts a mixture of human and animal features. Art from the former region is usually created in the form of a pole carved in human shape and topped with a human or animal image which has a strong connection with the death, burial, and the spiritual world.’
NOTE: The question refers to a ceremonial event – neither death nor the reference to the spiritual world is ceremonial events. This leaves only burial.
|26||Abstract. Paragraph F: ‘Throughout the African continent, artworks tend to be more abstract in nature than intending to present a realistic and naturalistic portrayal of the subject in question. Artists such as Picasso, Van Gogh and Gauguin are said to have been influenced and inspired by African art. Its ability to stimulate emotional reaction and imagination generated a great deal of interest from western artists at the beginning of the 20th century. As a result, new European works began to emerge which were of a more abstract nature than previously conceived.’|
|27||the human form. Paragraph G: ‘Henry Spencer Moore…is best known for his abstract bronze sculptures of the human form.’|
Genealogy Reading Answers (Passage 3)
|28||iii – Diversity of Application. The paragraph refers to the different reasons people search for information on genealogy.
|29||viii – Changing Viewpoints. ‘Genealogy research has led to a shift in attitudes towards convict heritage amongst contemporary Australian society, as family members have been able to establish that their ancestors were, in fact, not hardened and dangerous criminals, but had, in most cases, been harshly punished for minor crimes inspired by desperation and dire economic circumstances. So dramatic has the shift in attitudes been that having family connections to passengers on the ‘First Fleet’ is considered nothing less than prestigious. Convicts Margaret Dawson and Elizabeth Thakery were amongst the first European women to ever set foot on Australian soil. Details about the former, whose initial death sentence passed for stealing clothes from her employer was commuted to deportation, and the latter expelled for stealing handkerchiefs along with others of similar fate are now available on the internet for eager descendants to track.՛|
|30||ix – Significant Roles. The paragraph refers to the contributions of convicts and some of the significant people that remained in Australia.
Genealogists now attribute the successful early development of Australia to such ex-convicts who decided to contribute fully to society once their sentence had been served…Francis Greenway – a British architect expelled on conviction of fraud – who went on to design many of Sydney’s most prominent colonial buildings, and Alexander Munro, transported after stealing cheese at the age of 15, who would later build Australia’s first gas works and hold the position of Town Mayor.’
|31||vi – Useful Sources. This paragraph refers to the places where genealogy information is found|
|32||ii – Assessing Validity. This paragraph refers to how accuracy can vary depending on the source of information and how researchers can evaluate it.|
|33||False. Paragraph B contradicts the statement as it says: ‘Originally, prior to developing a more mainstream following, the practice of genealogy focused on establishing the ancestral links of rulers and noblemen often with the purpose of disputing or confirming the legitimacy of inherited rights to wealth or position.’|
|34||False. Paragraph B contradicts the statement as it says: ‘…family members have been able to establish that their ancestors were, in fact, not hardened and dangerous criminals, but had, in most cases, been harshly punished for minor crimes inspired by desperation and dire economic circumstances.|
|35||Not Given. There is no information given on this – we know from Paragraph E that a large number of convicts stayed because they had no choice In reality, however, the costs of attempting to return to the mother country were well beyond the means of the majority.’, but the passage does not tell us whether others stayed for the opportunities given.|
|36||True. Paragraph F states that ‘The global level of interest in and demand for such information has proven so intense, that traffic load on the release of sources such as Family Search and the British Census for 1901 led to a temporary collapse of the host servers|
|37||D. Paragraph A: The introduction of the internet has, in many ways, spurred interest levels since historical information has been made far more accessible than previously’ (therefore needing less effort)|
|38||B. Paragraph D: ‘Convicts Margaret Dawson and Elizabeth Thakery were amongst the first European women to ever set foot on Australian soil. Details about the former, whose initial death sentence passed for stealing clothes from her employer was commuted to deportation…’ (her sentence was reduced).|
|39||C. Paragraph F: ‘Such data-sharing practices are central and crucial to genealogical research’ (pooling = sharing)|
|40||A. Paragraph C: a census record alone is considered unreliable as no named source for the information is likely to be found1 (therefore cannot be attributed to a particular person).|