Key word: measures
1 Verb + measures
Use the correct form of the verbs in brackets:
- The government needs to__________ all necessary measures to stop the influx of asylum seekers. (adopt / adapt)
- Immediate measures need to be__________ to protect the thousands of historic buildings under threat of demolition. (taken / got)
- New measures are being __________ to try and ease traffic congestion in Birmingham city centre. (started / introduced)
- The government is__________ measures to restrict the sale of cigarettes to adults over 21. (considering / thinking of)
- In his speech last night the Prime Minister __________ new measures to combat organised crime. (announced / declared)
- Urgent measures are__________ to contain the outbreak of the disease before it spreads. (needed / wanted)
- I voted against because I __________ these measures on principle. I don’t think anybody should be made to work on a Sunday if they don’t want to. (oppose / refuse)
Go back and underline all the verb collocations.
2 Types of measures
Use these words in the sentences below:
- At times of high inflation, __________ measures are sometimes necessary to get the economy back on an even keel. Such measures generally lose the government votes.
- When the rain started, I had to cover the roof with a plastic sheet as a __________ measure until we got the roofers to come and fix the leak.
- One main drawback of improved __________ measures in cars is that they can encourage some people to think they are safe, so they drive faster.
- The introduction of identity cards is just one of the new__________ measures our company has taken this year.
- His financial difficulties have forced him to take some really__________ measures. He’s had to sell his house and car to pay off his debts.
- Floods will become an increasing problem in this area unless__________ measures are taken now.
- During yesterday’s protest march through the streets of Paris, police in riot gear were present as a __________ measure.
- __________ measures never work. You’ve got to do things properly or not at all.
Go back and underline the full expressions.
3 Measures to …
Complete the following sentences with these verbs and underline the adjective collocation in each sentence which means ‘strong’:
control prevent save
- Tougher measures are needed to__________ drugs being smuggled into prisons.
- Stringent measures have been introduced in our office to __________ on electricity and heating costs.
- The government have taken drastic measures to__________ public spending.
1. Note the expressions describing the effects of measures:
Measures to reduce costs are beginning to take effect
The measures will affect the entire population.
2. Note the expressions which describe the purpose of measures:
These new measures are designed to close / are intended to close / are aimed at closing the gap between the rich and the poor.
3. Note the difference between safety measures and security measures:
These new safety measures mean that more people will survive road traffic accidents.
The latest security measures at Heathrow are due to a new bomb scare.
4. A measure can also be an amount of liquid:
James’s measures are on the generous side!
- adopt 2. taken 3. introduced 4. considering 5. announced 6. needed 7. oppose
1 unpopular 2. temporary 3. safety 4. security
5 desperate 6. preventative 7. precautionary 8. Half
- prevent 2. save 3. control
strong = tough, stringent, drastic