The Academic passage ‘Population Viability Analysis’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 1-12. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that help you find out the answers.
Population Viability Analysis
The answers to these questions are given below with their explanations.
|Question Number||Answer||Keywords||Location of Keywords|
|1||YES||political decisions, extent, type, forestry, understand, consequences, impact, population viability analysis (PVA), predicting, probability, species, extinct||Part A; first 4 lines|
|2||NO||successfully used, United States input, resource exploitation decisions, wildlife managers, potential, population viability, wildlife management, Australia’s forests||Part A; lines 4-7|
|3||NO||A species, extinct, last individual dies||Part A; lines 7-8|
|5||VI||Some pairs, several young, single year while others, none, same year||Part B; Paragraph A; lines 3-4|
|6||III||Small populations cannot avoid, inbreeding, there is, small number, one sex||Part B; Paragraph B; lines 1-2|
|7||I||Without genetic variability, species lacks, evolve, cannot adapt, changes, environment, predators, diseases||Part B; Paragraph C; lines 1-3|
|8||II||Environment, fluctuates, fluctuations add, another degree, uncertainty, survival, species.||Part B; Paragraph D; lines 1-3|
|9||will(/may) not survive, or, [will (/ may/ could) become extinct]||A species, isolated places, not have, same probability of extinction, species, single population, single locality||Part C; lines 1-4|
|10||locality/ distribution||Besides these processes, bear in mind distribution, population||Part C; line 1|
|11||logging takes place/ logging occurs||Where logging occurs, the cutting down, forests, timber, forest-dependent creatures, area, forced, leave||Part C; lines 4-5|
|12||B||PVA, survival, distribution, extinction||All over the passage|
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