Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic: Economic Development of Country & Sample Essay

Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic Economic Development & Sample Essay

The economic development plays a major role in people’s lives. Economic growth in both developed and developing countries make the country richer, but it is believed that people in developing countries are happier that those in developed ones. Do you agree or disagree?

Sample Answer

The world is becoming richer with people having higher salaries and more comfortable mod-cons. Some people believe that this trend is conducive to people’s growing happiness in both developing and developed regions while others subscribe to the notion that it apparently sounds so, but more pains are now seen in those in the latter areas. I strongly disagree with the latter view for some reasons.


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Admittedly, the living standards of people, according to studies, are escalating by dint of economic growth. People in developing world are able to afford such facilities from cars, houses to overseas travel, enriching their life experience and providing them with more opportunities, but those in another pole of the world, say, the wealthy nations, are different, feeling less happy. It is believed that as a result of the expansion of outsourcing market, more jobs in haves nations are directly stolen and delivered to those in have-nots nations to make use of low-priced labour and redundant natural resources. However, I hold an opposite view on this matter. Taking a closer look into the picture of outsourcing, we can see more advantages for both sides. This trend, after all, is inevitable, showing rising flexibility in the work market where winners are the most efficient and available while losers are less adaptable to the changing world. To further counter, another argument is that facing the threat of being deprived of current jobs, workers in more developed areas are competitively working harder and training them better with advanced jobs while those in the third-world are satisfied to have a chance of employment, leading to the latter’s lower crime rates and illegal immigration into the western countries for the sake of job finding.

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That pollution and terrorism are on a climb in the world is believed to present a threat to all people as well. Despite their richness, those in developed nations still feel annoyed for not genuinely enjoying a sustainable globe. Not only do tsunami and other natural disasters which often happen in less developed regions can have far-reaching effects on rich ones, but the existence of a wider network of terrorists actually also puts their lives in jeopardy. A typical example is the case of New York’s 9/11 event, and until now, pains are noticeably seen in the face of people here, in spite of their pride to reside in one of the most prosperous harbours of the world. Nevertheless, the truth is that since the 1970s onwards, there have been fewer conflicts and wars. Such terrorism actions can hardly cost as many deaths as those massacres in the First and Second World Wars. Besides, as the healthcare of each nation is increasingly addressed, by dint of economic growth and the provision of cutting- edge technology, more lives in both poles are saved, and diseases are in-time curbed. Also, the wealthier people are, the more they can invest in education to have a better awareness of environmental protection and the more willing they are to use environment-friendly products by virtue of innovative technological applications. Psychologically, once the financial matter is less urgent as it used to be, long-term thinking and strategies are adopted by people in both poles of the world.

In my view, all above figures really indicate that the world is changing for the better, and the most crucial is that each person, whether living anywhere, should nourish the belief to protect the earth every day to live happily ever after.


Mod-cons (noun)  modern facilities in a house that make it easy and pleasant to live in

Conducive to (adj) creating a situation that helps something to happen

Latter (as a pronoun (after ‘the’) used for referring to the second of two people, things, or groups that have just been mentioned (In this sentence, the latter means developed regions which is mentioned previously)

Escalate (verb) increase, develop

By dint of something (phrase) by means of something

Outsourcing (noun) an arrangement in which work is done by people from outside your company

Haves (noun) rich

Have-nots (noun) economically disadvantaged | poor

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Syed Monif is a professional content marketer and IELTS Trainer by day, and a bookworm by night, and sometimes during the day too! He currently works on creating extremely user-friendly and engaging content for the online portal His work involves creating and editing content while making sure they're super interesting and easy to read! And also as a master procrastinator, right now he's probably googling something so arbitrary like 'How rich is Scrooge McDuck?' without realizing that his lunch break is almost over.


  • what about this essay for the same topic?
    People have different views regarding whether the nations which are less developed are more happier or the nations which are fully developed ones. I believe that the developing countries have less advantages than developed countries.

    On the one hand, there are many benefits of living in the developed nations. Firstly, people who are staying in these countries can get better education facility. For example, the high-standard universities, schools at international level and other well recognized private centers all are located in these developed nations that generates advantages for city dwellers to get a high-quality education. As a result, inhabitants can get a good job opportunities and they feel happy with their career. Secondly, the high living standards such as, effective food, affordability of better housing system and many other facilities that make the people of developed nations much happier. Finally, the government of these countries also provide them better public transports, recreational centers for their happiness.

    On the other hand, the developing nations try to enhance their education system, which means they cannot provide quality study to their city inhabitants. As a result, there is high rate of illiteracy as compared to the developed nation. Another reason that make the people of developing nation unhappy is that poor housing conditions and contaminated environment. Take an example of Indian city Delhi, where near about 64 million people live in degrading system reported by ‘the guardian’ website. Furthermore, in developing nations we can see very less parks, cinemas and other enjoyable centers, which is the first preference of developed nation because inhabitants can use these center for their relaxing purposes.

    In conclusion, it seem to me that developed nations provide full services to their city people that make them happy than developing nation that still enhance their services.

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