Language Diversity IELTS Reading Answers
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|For five decades this idea prevailed, and influenced work in linguistics, psychology and cognitive science.
|Since the theory of UG was proposed, linguists have identified many universal language rules. However, there are almost always exceptions.
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|More controversially, some linguists argue that a few languages, such as Straits Salish, spoken by indigenous people from north-western regions of North America, do not even have distinct nouns or verbs.
|if Evans and Levinson are correct, language in turn shapes our brains.
|every time a language becomes extinct, humanity loses an important piece of diversity
|He and Levinson argue that this is because any given language is a complex system shaped by many factors, including culture, genetics and history.
|For example, the fact that before we learn to speak we perceive the world as a place full of things causing actions (agents) and things having actions done to them (patients)
|indigenous Australian children have by far the highest incidence of chronic middle-ear infection of any population on the planet, and that most indigenous Australian languages lack many sounds that are common in other languages, but which are hard to hear with a middle-ear infection.
|Levinson and Evans are not the first to question the theory of universal grammar, but no one has summarised these ideas quite as persuasively, and given them as much reach.
|As a result, their arguments have generated widespread enthusiasm, particularly among those linguists who are tired of trying to squeeze their findings into the straitjacket of ‘absolute universals’.
|Arrernte, spoken by Indigenous Australians from the area around Alice Springs in the Northern Territory, has VC syllables but no CV syllables.
|Lao, spoken in Laos, have no adjectives at all.
|Amazonian Piraha does not have this quality.
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