The Inequality Between Rich and Poor Nations is Now Wider Than it Has Ever Been Before- IELTS Writing Task 2
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The inequality between rich and poor nations is now wider than it has ever been before. What do you think are the main causes of this difference and what do you think can be done to reduce the gap?
Cause and Solution Essay
Paraphrase the essay topic
Mention the contents of the subsequent paragraphs.
Mention the primary causes of inequality in the national wealth of different countries.
Suggest possible solutions to overcome this issue.
Summarise the topic and mention your solution in brief.
The state of the global economy in the 21st century is quite distressing. The disparity between first-world countries like the USA, UK, Japan and the rest of the world, mainly third-world countries like Argentina, Brazil and others, is more evident than ever before. While developed nations are becoming wealthier, the developing and underdeveloped nations are facing grave social and economic hardships. There are numerous reasons behind this phenomenon that has led to such an alarming degree of inequality. In the following paragraphs, I will elaborate on the causes and possible solutions to tackle this issue.
The primary reason behind the economic inequality between the two groups of nations is the system of governance and the economic agenda that is followed. Countries like the USA, known for being predominantly capitalist, have a primary motive of increasing wealth. Thus, only those economic decisions that are profitable are taken into consideration. Whereas countries such as India, which follow a mixed economic system, tend to have the upliftment of the public as a priority over being a prosperous republic. Furthermore, conditions like brain drain, which is the migration of qualified and skilled personnel to developed countries in search of better living standards, are also determining factors in causing variations in the resources available among different nations.
Although bridging the gap between affluent and the developing nations is a task that requires the efforts of countries across the globe, some measures can be taken by individual democracies to progress towards the same. Firstly, the dependence on imports needs to be curbed as a considerable amount of financial resources are expended on such foreign commodities as the value of foreign currency being greater. Additionally, local businesses must be supported by the government to increase the national income of the country. Furthermore, the government can also consider enhancing the living standards of its citizens like education, healthcare and jobs, which will prevent the qualified population from moving to other countries. This, in turn, will contribute to the country’s development as a whole and reduce economic disparities.
Finally, the monetary strength has always been inconsistent among countries all over the world. The accumulation of wealth is only possible in the case of emerging countries only if there are dramatic economic reforms like the ones stated above.
Meaning: causing anxiety, sorrow or pain; upsetting.
Eg: The high levels of toxic fumes in the area are distressing.
Meaning: a great difference.
Eg: The disparity between the two opponents was unfair.
Meaning: severe suffering or privation.
Eg: The soldiers of the Second World War suffered great hardships.
Meaning: giving cause for alarm; serious.
Eg: His marks were a matter of grave concern.
Meaning: worrying or disturbing.
Eg: The excessive use of social media among teenagers is alarming.
Meaning: an underlying often ideological plan or program a political agenda.
Eg: The agenda of this political party was quite clear.
Meaning: mainly; for the most part.
Eg: The neighbourhood predominantly comprised wealthy people.
Meaning: having a great deal of money; wealthy.
Eg: Western society is known to be affluent.
Meaning: restrain or keep in check.
Eg: The teacher curbed the nuisance caused by the backbenchers.
Meaning: spend or use up
Eg: The time expended on the Internet can be invested somewhere productive.