IELTS Writing Task 2 Cause/Solution Essay Topic : Most countries believe that international tourism has harmful effects
One of the various types of essays that can be asked in the IELTS Writing task 2 is a problem solution essay. The problem solution essay in IELTS requires candidates to talk about a certain problem or its causes and suggest possible solutions to the same.
Given below is an example of a problem & solution essay. Let’s understand how to frame the essay from the ideas we have.
Most countries believe that international tourism has harmful effects. What problems are caused by international tourism? Solutions to change negative attitudes?
Many people believe that international tourism is a bad thing for their country. Why do they think so? What can be done to change their views?
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Band 8.5 Sample Essay 1
There are several reasons why many people have a negative attitude towards international tourism. However, this can be handled by adopting possible solutions, as will now be discussed.
Firstly, the influx of foreign travelers is often associated with an increase in environmental pollution. Many tourists throw rubbish into the surroundings irresponsibly, which contributes to air, water, and soil contamination. Furthermore, there might be a growing demand for transport, decreasing the air quality at the tourist destination.
Secondly, international tourism increases the odds of spreading infectious diseases into the local community. Viruses such as Ebola and H5N1 can become a threat to the locals if an infected traveler visits their country. In Vietnam, for example, many people died after a visitor from Hong Kong carried the H5N1 virus to the country in 2003. This example makes it clear why many people are still against the development of international tourism.
However, there are a range of options that can be taken to improve the situation. One measure would be that the government should continue campaigns to raise the awareness of tourists when they pay a visit to a new land. Travellers should be encouraged to put waste into the right place or to use public transport if possible. Another remedy is that there should be medical checks at airports and borders. This is to guarantee that infected visitors should be quarantined to halt the spread of the disease.
In conclusion, negative feelings about global tourism still are common in society. However, this can be resolved by taking the above suggestions.
Useful Expressions :
- The influx of smb/smth: the fact of a lot of people, money or things arriving somewhere
==>a massive/sudden influx of visitors.
- To be associated with smth: having a connection between people or things in your mind
==>I always associate the smell of baking with my childhood.
- The odds of something: the degree to which something is likely to happen
==>The odds are that (= it is likely that) she’ll win.
- To pay a visit to somewhere
- To halt something: to stop; to make somebody/something stop
==>We are failing to halt the destruction of the rainforest.
Band 8.5 Sample Essay 2
Advances made in air travel have shrunk the world. With these, today, people from all walks of life can travel abroad; however, the rise of international tourism is greeted with dismay by many. In this essay, I will present the reasons why some local people harbour unwelcoming attitudes towards foreign tourists and put forward some solutions to this issue.
International tourists are now criticised mainly due to their contribution to the environmental degradation. In many countries, many famous tourist destinations are now bearing the scars of vandalism committed by travellers arriving from outside. Other places of interest are also gradually being turned into which are comparable to garbage dumps, despite all attempts to reduce the amount of waste by local community. In addition to this, many foreigners travel on a shoestring. In order to economise, many are willing to sleep on the streets in their tents, which mars the cityscape.
What local authorities can firstly do to change the behaviours of foreign tourists is through education. While advertising the beauty of an area, the media should also strive to raise the awareness of prospective travellers about protecting it. The other method is to pass stricter regulations regarding littering particularly in popular tourist places. The high effectiveness of fining litterbugs is clearly demonstrated in the example of Singapore, where one can no longer find trash in public places.
To summarise, the inhospitable feeling that the local people have for international tourists can be explained by many ways. I feel that this issue can hardly be solved by a single wave of a magic wand – it takes a great deal of efforts from both the locals and the foreigners.
Useful Expressions :
- To shrink the world: To make the world become smaller
- People from all walks of life: people of different backgrounds
- To be greeted with dismay: to be unwelcomed
- To harbour unwelcoming attitudes towards: To oppose to
- To bear the scars of vandalism: to be vandalised.
- Travel on a shoestring: Travel with very small amount of money.
- To mar the cityscape: make the city look ugly
- Litterbug: people who throw rubbish in public places.
- Litter (v.) throw rubbish.
- The inhospitable feeling: bad feeling
- This issue can hardly be solved by a single wave of a magic wand : this issue is not easy to be dealt with.
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