The Keyless Society Reading Answers
The Academic passage ‘The Keyless Society’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 27-40. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that help you find out the answers.
The Keyless Society
|27.||iv||Paragraph B states that ‘more than 10,000 facilities’, from prisons to day-care centers, ‘monitor people’s fingerprints or other physical parts’ to ensure that they are who they claim to be. Moreover, some ‘60 biometric companies’ around the world ‘pulled in at least $22 million last year’ and the grand total is expected to increase to at least ‘$50 million by 1999’. The increasing profit figures of the biometric companies around the world shows that this technology is being widely accepted. Hence, the answer is iv (The figures say it all).|
|28.||vii||Paragraph C explains how the biometric security systems ‘operate by storing a digitized record of some unique human feature’ (how the biometric systems work). When an ‘authorized user wishes to enter or use the facility’, the ‘system scans the person’s corresponding characteristics’ and ‘attempts to match them against those on record’. Hence, the answer is vii (How does it work?).|
|29.||viii||Paragraph D points out that ‘fingerprint scanners are currently the most widely deployed’ type of biometric application, thanks to their growing use ‘by law-enforcement agencies’. Sixteen American states now ‘use biometric fingerprint verification systems to check’ (fighting frauds) so that it can be verified if the ‘people claiming welfare payments are genuine’. In this way, financial frauds can be prevented. Hence, the answer is viii (Fighting fraud).|
|30.||iii||Paragraph E discusses the ‘most widely used commercial biometric system’ (sells most in shops) is ‘the handkey’, a type of hand scanner which reads the unique shape, size and irregularities of people’s hands. It was originally developed for nuclear power plants, and received its big break when it was used to control access to the Olympic Village in Atlanta by more than 65,000 athletes, trainers and support staff. Hence, the answer is iii (This type sells best in the shops).|
|31.||ii||Paragraph F illustrates what different countries are planning to do with biometric. ‘Malaysia’ is preparing to equip all of its airports with biometric face scanners to match the passengers with their luggage. ‘Japan’‘s largest maker of cash dispensers is developing new machines that incorporate iris scanners to avoid frauds. The first commercial biometric, a hand reader, was introduced in 1974 that was used by ‘an American firm’ to monitor employee attendance. This indicates that every country has its own implementation plans. Hence, the answer is ii (Who’s planning what).|
|32.||i||Paragraph G reveals that ‘biometrics raises thorny questions about privacy and the potential for abuse’. Some worry that ‘governments and industry will be tempted to use the technology to monitor individual behavior’. Moreover, it is given that in Toronto, critics of the welfare fingerprint plan ‘complained’ (objections) that it ‘would stigmatize recipients by forcing them to submit to a procedure widely identified with criminals’. Hence, the answer is i (Common Objections).|
|33.||x||Paragraph H mentions that ‘support for biometrics is growing’ (accepting) in many other communities. In an ‘increasingly crowded and complicated world’, ‘biometrics may be a technology whose time has come’ (it will happen in the future so it is inevitable). Hence, the answer is x (Accepting the inevitable).|
|34.||B||Paragraph E claims that the ‘handkey’ or hand scanner was originally developed for nuclear power plants and received its big break when it was used to control access to the Olympic Village in Atlanta by more than ‘65,000 athletes, trainers and support staff’ (sports students). Hence, the answer is B (Hand Scanner).|
|35.||B||In paragraph E, the writer has written that originally developed for nuclear power plants, the handkey received its big break when it was ‘used to control access to the Olympic Village in Atlanta by more than 65,000 athletes’, trainers and support staff. Hence, the answer is B (Hand Scanner).|
|36.||E||Paragraph F shares the fact that ‘Malaysia’ has equipped all of ‘its airports with biometric face scanners’ to ‘match passengers’ (airport passengers) with luggage. Hence, the answer is E (Face Scanner).|
|37.||A||Paragraph D points out that sixteen American states now use ‘biometric fingerprint verification systems’ to check that ‘people claiming welfare payments’ (welfare claimants) are genuine.
Hence, the answer is A (Fingerprint Scanner).
|38.||B||Paragraph F brings out the fact that the first commercial biometric, a ‘hand reader’ was used by an ‘American firm’ (business) to ‘monitor employee attendance’ that was introduced in 1974. Hence, the answer is B (Hand Scanner).|
|39.||D||Paragraph A reveals that in some California ‘housing estates’ (home owners), a key alone is insufficient to get someone in the door; ‘his or her voice print must also be verified’. Hence, the answer is D (Voiceprint).|
|40.||E||The last line of paragraph A informs that ‘customers at some Japanese banks’ will have to ‘present their faces for scanning’ (face scanner) before they can enter the building and withdraw their money. Hence, the answer is E (Face Scanner).|
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