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Volcanoes - Earth Shattering News IELTS Reading Answers
Volcanoes – Earth Shattering News IELTS Reading Answers

Volcanoes – Earth Shattering News IELTS Reading Answers

The Academic passage ‘Volcanoes – Earth Shattering News’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 1 – 13. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that  help you find out the answers.

Volcanoes – Earth Shattering News

Volcanoes-earth-shattering news - 0001

Volcanoes-earth-shattering news - 0002

Volcanoes-earth-shattering news - 0003

Volcanoes-earth-shattering news - 0004

Volcanoes-earth-shattering news - 0005

Volcanoes-earth-shattering news - 0006

Answers

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Question number  Answer  Keywords  Location of keywords
1 iii Vulcanism, the name given to volcanic processes, really has shaped the world. Eruptions have rifted continents, raised mountain chains, constructed islands and shaped the topography of the earth. The entire ocean floor has a basement of volcanic basalt. Paragraph A;

Lines 5 – 6 

2 i If the shell is even slightly cracked during boiling, the white material bubbles out and sets like a tiny mountain chain over the crack – like an archipelago of volcanic islands such as the Hawaiian Islands. Paragraph B;

Lines 3

3 iv Every eruption is different but put at its simplest, where there are weaknesses, rocks deep in the mantle, heated to 1,350°C, will start to expand and rise Paragraph C;

Line 2

4 vi But volcanoes are not very predictable. Paragraph D;

Line 1

5 plates/ the plates/ the tectonic plates you can see the rough outlines of what are called tectonic plates – the plates which make up the earth’s crust and mantle. Paragraph C;

Line 17

6 magma vast bubbles of magma – molten rock from the mantle Paragraph C;

Line 4

7 ring of fire he most dramatic of these is the Pacific ‘ring of fire’ where there have been the most violent explosions – Paragraph C;

Line 18

8 600/ 600 years/ for 600 years In the case of Mount Pinatubo, this took 600 years. Paragraph D;

Line 4

9 water/ the water/ oceans/ the oceans Volcanoes have not only made the continents, they are also thought to have made the world’s first stable atmosphere and provided all the water for the oceans, rivers and ice-caps. Paragraph A;

Line 8

10 lava/ magma/ molten rock Sometimes it is slow: vast bubbles of magma – molten rock from the mantle – inch towards the surface, cooling slowly, to snow through as granite extrusions Paragraph C;

Line 4

11 India/ western India In the Deccan plateau in western India, there are more than two million cubic kilometres of lava, some of it 2,400 metres thick, formed over 500,000 years of slurping eruption. Paragraph C;

Line 6

12 explodes The gases trapped inside the boiling rock expand suddenly, the lava glows with heat, it begins to froth, and it explodes with tremendous force. Paragraph C;

Line 9

13 gases/ the gases/ trapped gases Sometimes the magma moves very swiftly indeed. It does not have time to cool as it surges upwards. The gases trapped inside the boiling rock expand suddenly, the lava glows with heat, it begins to froth, and it explodes with tremendous force. Paragraph C;

Lines 7 –  9

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Written By

Soon after graduating with a Master’s in Literature from Southern Arkansas University, she joined an institute as an English language trainer. She has had innumerous student interactions and has produced a couple of research papers on English language teaching. She soon found that non-native speakers struggled to meet the English language requirements set by foreign universities. It was when she decided to jump ship into IELTS training. From then on, she has been mentoring IELTS aspirants. She joined IELTSMaterial about a year ago, and her contributions have been exceptional. Her essay ideas and vocabulary have taken many students to a band 9.

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