Architecture – Reaching For The Sky Reading Answers
This article contains the Architecture reading answers.
Architecture – Reaching For The Sky is a real Reading test passage that appeared in the IELTS.
With diligent practice, the Reading Module can be the top-scoring category for IELTS Aspirants. To score well, you must understand how to approach and answer the different question types in the Reading Module.
By solving and reviewing Sample Reading Questions from past IELTS papers, you can ensure that your Reading skills are up to the mark. Take the practice test Architecture – Reaching For The Sky below and try more IELTS reading practice tests from IELTSMaterial.com.
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Architecture – Reaching For The Sky
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on the Reading Passage below. Find the practice test with the Architecture – Reaching For The Sky PDF here.
|1||Timber and stone||We can find reference to the answer in paragraph C, where it is mentioned that instead of using timber, stone, and traditional building techniques, architects began to explore ways of creating buildings by using the latest technology and materials. So, according to the question, before the 18th century, building materials used were timber and stone. Thus, the answer is timber and stone.|
|2||Modernism||We can trace the answer in the first and last line in paragraph D, where it is mentioned that by the1920s architects throughout Europe were reacting against the conditions created by industrialisation. A new style of architecture emerged and it was made possible by new materials and construction techniques and was known as Modernism. According to the question and the information above, in the 1920s, modernism was introduced as a style where steel, glass, and concrete were used as building materials. So, the answer is modernism.|
|3||International style||The answer can be found in the first line of paragraph E, where it is stated that by the 1930s, many buildings emerging from this movement were designed in the international style. We understand that several buildings emerging from the movement were designed in the international style during the 1930s. So, the answer is International style.|
|4||Multi-storey housing||Answer can be traced in paragraph H, where it is mentioned that Influenced by Le Corbusier’s idea on town planning, every large British city built multi-storey housing estates in the 1960s. Here, we come to know that during the 1960s, every large british city had multi-storey housing estates. So, the answer is multi-storey housing.|
|5||Preservation||We can locate the answer in paragraph I, where it narrated that by the 1970s, a new respect for the place of buildings within the existing townscape arose. preserving historic buildings or keeping only their facades (or fronts) grew common. So, according to the question and given statement, we understand that during the 1970s, people began to preserve historic buildings ending th3 modernist era. Thus, the answer is preservation.|
|6||High-tech||We can find reference to the answer in paragraph I, where it is mentioned that the architectural style usually referred to as High Tech was also emerging. Here, we understand that it was in the 1970s, an architectural style named as the high-tech emerged. Emerging means beginning. So, the answer is High-tech.|
|7||Co-existence of styles/ different styles together/ styles mixed||We can locate the answer in paragraph J, where it is described that by the 1980s the coexistence of different styles of architecture in the same building became known as Postmodern. So, according to the question and given statement, we understand that the characteristics of postmodernism style was coexistence of different styles of architecture. Thus, the answer is Co-existence of styles/ different styles together/ styles mixed.|
|8||G||The answer can be found in paragraph C, where the writer mentions that such rapid and uncontrolled growth helped to turn parts of cities into slums. We understand that a rapid movement of people and growth led to the parts of cities turning into slums. So, according to the question, the answer is G. Parts of cities become slums.|
|9||F||We can locate the answers at the end in paragraph E, where the writer states that these were stripped of unnecessary decorations that would detract from their primary purpose to be used or lived in. We can understand from these lines that when the decorations are removed, buildings become simple and functional. Here, detract means to diminish. So, the answer is F. All decoration is removed.|
|10||H||We can trace the answer in paragraph F, where the writer mentions, “but the economic depression of the 1930s and the second world war(1939-45) prevented their ideas from being widely realized until the economic conditions improved and war-torn cities had to be rebuilt.” We understand that the economic depression and second world war hit Europe and prevented the ideas from being widely realized until economic conditions improved. So, the answer is H. Modernist ideas cannot be put into practice until the second half of the 20th century.|
|11||C||The answer can be located in Paragraph H, where it is mentioned that many of these buildings were poorly designed and constructed and have since been demolished. Multi Storey housing estates are built according to contemporary ideas on town planning. Here, Multistorey housing estates means buildings and demolished means knock down. So, the answer is C. A number of these have been knocked down.|
|12||D||We can find the answer in paragraph K, where the writer mentions that they have been made possible by the development of light steel frames and safe passenger lifts. Here, we understand that less land must be used for building. So they have been developed with light steel frames and safe passenger lifts. Thus, the answer is D. Light steel frames and lifts are developed.|
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