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The Ring Cycle IELTS Reading Answers The Ring Cycle IELTS Reading Answers
The Ring Cycle IELTS Reading Answers

The Ring Cycle IELTS Reading Answers

The Academic passage ‘The Ring Cycle’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 1- 13. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that  help you find out the answers.

The Ring Cycle

The Ring Cycle - 0001

The Ring Cycle - 0002

The Ring Cycle - 0003

The Ring Cycle - 0004

The Ring Cycle - 0005

The Ring Cycle - 0006

The Ring Cycle - 0007

Answers

Question number  Answer  Keywords  Location of keywords
1 ix Dendrochronologists, scientists who study the growth of rings in trees, have successfully constructed long tree-ring records by overlapping the patterns of wide and narrow rings in successively older timber specimens. There are now a dozen or so chronologies in the world that date back more than 5,000 years. Paragraph B;

Lines 1 – 2

2 iii Recently; an analysis of 383 modern chronologies, drawn from a vast area across Europe, northern Eurasia and North America was published. Paragraph C;

Line 4

3 vii It is a nice clean story — volcanoes load the atmosphere with dust and aerosol and reflect back sunlight, cooling the earth’s surface. This cooling leads to variations in the density of growth rings in northern conifers. Because there are a lot of other records, it is possible to test the findings from the conifer density record. Paragraph D;

Lines 2 – end

4 vi Given that the defeat of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812 was famously attributed to ‘General Winter’ Paragraph F;

Last line 

5 i According to Briffa, the period 1810-20 was the coldest in the last millennium, so we begin to see a combination of three unusual elements in less than ten years — exceptional earthquake, exceptional volcanic eruption, and exceptional cold. Paragraph F;

Line 7

6 viii Obviously, the case of 1816 and the years just before and after it is relatively recent and well documented. Paragraph G;

Line 1

7 B Dendrochronologists, scientists who study the growth of rings in trees, have successfully constructed long tree-ring records by overlapping the patterns of wide and narrow rings in successively older timber specimens. Paragraph B;

Line 1

8 C The wood hewn from them and preserved through the centuries is slowly beginning to yield at least circumstantial evidence Paragraph G;

Line 7

9 F These records, normally constructed in a restricted area, using a single species of tree, are year-by-year records of how the trees reacted to their growth conditions Paragraph B;

Last line

10 A What we see from this comparison is that the oaks clearly do respond to the volcanoes in some cases (in 1602, 1740 and 1816, for instance), but nothing like so clearly in others. Immediately it becomes apparent that the conifers tell only part of the story. Paragraph E;

Line 5 – 6

11 A Take the case of 1816, called the ‘year without a summer’ because of the terrible unseasonable cold and the crop failures that ensued. It has long been known that the primary cause of the cooling was the massive eruption of Tambora, east of Java, in 1815. Paragraph F;

Lines 1 – 2

12 B However, dendrochronology allows us to investigate the effects of such events geographically, indeed globally. We can interrogate the trees in areas where there is no historical or instrumental record. Paragraph G;

Lines 2 – 3

13 D Further back in time, dendrochronology is almost the only way to reconstruct abrupt environmental events and perhaps throw new light on far darker moments in human history. Paragraph G;

Line 4

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